Online dating deception statistics on domestic violence
Many Renaissance scholars argued that children had their own unique needs, which were distinct from adults; however, this perspective was primarily held by the upper middle class .A dualistic perspective about children emerged during the Reformation in the 16th century.Many immigrant families are reluctant to seek or accept formal assistance from medical and social service institutions given past experiences with oppression, fear of being deported, and general distrust of authority figures .Despite these trends, the literature examining child abuse in immigrant and ethnic minority families is quite minimal when compared to the larger picture of child abuse/maltreatment research.The United States' demographic landscape is diverse and multicultural, and minority and immigrant children are projected to constitute a significant population of the school systems in the United States in the near future. In addition, 4.3% of children younger than 1 year of age have at least one parent who is foreign born . Census data indicate that 50.4% of infants younger than 1 year of age are from racial/ethnic minority groups .
Physical abuse has historically been justified because it was believed that severe physical punishment was necessary to discipline, to rid the child of his or her evil nature, and to educate children .
The increase in industrialization and urbanization of the early 20th century resulted in heightened crime, poverty, and social disorganization, all of which affected children.
As a consequence, social reforms targeted to children, such as child labor restrictions and compulsory education laws, began to emerge .
By the mid-19th century, a romantic perspective emerged and children began to be seen as the "torchbearers" of the future .
There was much emphasis on education, training, and the overall nurturance of children.